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Inco terms are worldwide accepted commercial terms that defines the respective roles of the buyer as well as of the seller in arrangement of the transportation and other responsibilities and it also clarifies when the ownership of the merchandise takes place. These Inco terms are used in conjunction with a sales contract or other method of transacting the deal.

 

INCO TERMS 2010 are grouped into two classes:

 
1. TERMS FOR ANY TRANSPORT MODE
 
arrow  EXW - EX WORKS (... named place of delivery)
 

The Seller's only responsibility is to make the goods available at the Seller's premises. The Buyer bears full costs and risks of moving the goods from there to destination.

 
arrow FCA - FREE CARRIER (... named place of delivery)
 

The Seller delivers the goods, cleared for export, to the carrier selected by the Buyer. The Seller loads the goods if the carrier pickup is at the Seller's premises. From that point, the Buyer bears the costs and risks of moving the goods to destination.

 
arrow  CPT - CARRIAGE PAID TO (... named place of destination)
 

The Seller pays for moving the goods to destination. From the time the goods are transferred to the first carrier, the Buyer bears the risks of loss or damage.

 

arrow  CIP - CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID TO (... named place of destination)

 

The Seller pays for moving the goods to destination. From the time the goods are transferred to the first carrier, the Buyer bears the risks of loss or damage. The Seller, however, purchases the cargo insurance.

 
arrow  DAT - DELIVERED AT TERMINAL (... named terminal at port or place of destination)
 

The Seller delivers when the goods, once unloaded from the arriving means of transport, are placed at the Buyer's disposal at a named terminal at the named port or place of destination. "Terminal" includes any place, whether covered or not, such as a quay, warehouse, container yard or road, rail or air cargo terminal. The Seller bears all risks involved in bringing the goods to and unloading them at the terminal at the named port or place of destination.

 
arrow DAP - DELIVERED AT PLACE (... named place of destination)
 

The Seller delivers when the goods are placed at the Buyer's disposal on the arriving means of transport ready for unloading at the names place of destination. The Seller bears all risks involved in bringing the goods to the named place.

 
arrow  DDP - DELIVERED DUTY PAID (... named place)
 

The Seller delivers the goods -cleared for import - to the Buyer at destination. The Seller bears all costs and risks of moving the goods to destination, including the payment of Customs duties and taxes.

 
2. MARITIME-ONLY TERMS
 
arrow  FAS - FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP (... named port of shipment)
 

The Seller delivers the goods to the origin port. From that point, the Buyer bears all costs and risks of loss or damage.

 
arrow  FOB - FREE ON BOARD (... named port of shipment)
 

The Seller delivers the goods on board the ship and clears the goods for export. From that point, the Buyer bears all costs and risks of loss or damage..

 
arrow  CFR - COST AND FREIGHT (... named port of destination)
 

The Seller clears the goods for export and pays the costs of moving the goods to destination. The Buyer bears all risks of loss or damage.

 
arrow CIF - COST INSURANCE AND FREIGHT (... named port of destination)
 

The Seller clears the goods for export and pays the costs of moving the goods to the port of destination. The Buyer bears all risks of loss or damage. The Seller, however, purchases the cargo insurance.

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